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What’s the Difference Between Military Academies and ROTC Programs?

Lisa Albro

Written by Lisa Albroon April 2nd, 2021

I came to College Coach after having worked on “both sides of the desk” — admissions and college counseling. At Goucher College, I managed recruitment and travel for over 30 states and oversaw the student, parent, and alumni volunteer programs. As much as I loved representing my alma mater and meeting so many bright, talented students year after year, I discovered that I longed for the opportunity to develop the kind of relationships with my students that could only come from working with them day after day. On the high school side, I worked with every student in the grade, from the valedictorian to the bottom of the class. This taught me how to meet the needs of a variety of different kinds of students — how to identify appropriate programs for each one, and how to help each student make his applications shine. In the span of a day I could be helping ten students with applications to Ivy League schools and ten others with applications to service academies, public universities, and regional colleges.
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by Lisa Albro, former admissions officer at Goucher College While it isn’t unheard of to attain an officer’s rank without a college degree, two highly sought-after paths involve earning both the title and a bachelor’s degree concurrently: military academies and ROTC programs. But which one is the best fit for you? Military Academies One of the first things I try to ascertain from students who are interested in pursuing military service through higher education is whether they wish to have a traditional college experience. If what they envision for themselves involves mostly “typical” college life—classes, socializing in the quad, enjoying amenities off campus, internships, maybe a part-time job, leisure time, wearing mostly civilian clothes—it’s not likely that life at a military academy would suit them. Attendance at a military (or, service) academy carries with it certain demands that set it apart from the college life that most students know. For starters, everything is regimented. Students follow strict schedules from early in the morning through evening, that include academics, athletics, and company training/group commitments. Uniforms are required. Even meals are scheduled and specific regimens and protocols must be followed at mealtime. Academic demands are high, as are expectations of faculty and upperclass student leadership. Students must participate in varsity or intramural sports, and it is mandatory to attend home football games. Off-campus privileges are limited, and are granted in small increments as students progress through years of attendance. Summers vacations may last only a few weeks, as students must report for summer duty assignments. In spite of all the demands of attendance at service academies, thousands of students compete each year to gain admission to these highly selective programs. Tuition, room, and board are provided to attendees. In exchange, however, graduates are expected to commit to five years (or more, if trained in certain specialty areas) of active duty service to their branch of the military. Even the application process includes added layers of responsibility for prospective students. They must secure a nomination from an elected official (their congressional representative, senator, or vice president), pass a physical fitness test and a medical examination. Upon graduation, they earn a bachelor’s degree and are commissioned as officers for service in the United States military with the rank of Second Lieutenant. ROTC Programs For students who wish to serve as officers in the military, but still want to enjoy most elements of a traditional college experience, Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) could be the way to go. Students attending ROTC programs for Army, Navy, and Air Force service generally enroll in military training courses that take place at different times during the week. Additionally, they usually meet several mornings a week with their fellow cadets for physical training, and participate in leadership training. While uniforms are required when attending ROTC classes and participating in drills, civilian clothing can be worn at other times. The time commitment for ROTC instruction and training may only amount to several hours per week during the semester. Some summer commitments will become necessary, as well. Upon successful completion of their studies and the ROTC program, students will earn a bachelor’s degree and be commissioned as officers in the United States military with the rank of Second Lieutenant—the same rank military academy graduates earn. The application process for ROTC programs takes place alongside students’ application to colleges that offer ROTC (or colleges whose students are allowed to participate in other schools’ ROTC programs, if they don’t offer their own). This application process does not involve as many layers as the military academy application processes do, but applicants still must pass a physical fitness test. Applicants to the service academies are encouraged to also apply to ROTC programs in their chosen branches of the military, to give themselves the option to participate in training for service if not admitted to the academies. Both ROTC training and service academy training yield the same commissioned officer’s rank and bachelor’s degrees, but students need to consider how much of a military experience they desire during their four years of college. Stay tuned for more posts on this topic. In April, we’ll discuss how ROTC programs can affect the college experience; in May, we’ll cover the ins and outs of applying to military academies. Our College Admissions Experts


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